Baghdad Bismayah (Bismaya) combined-cycle power plant is being developed by Iraq’s Ministry of Electricity, approximately 25km south-east of the Baghdad city. With a capacity of 3,000MW, the new plant is estimated to cost $4.5bn and will power more than five million homes in Iraq.
Development of the power plant is part of the Bismayah New City project, which is aimed at rebuilding conflict-ridden and war-torn Iraq. The Bismayah New City project includes the construction of more than 100,000 homes in addition to all the necessary infrastructure such as roads, water and sewerage facilities, power plants and desalination facilities.




Complete list of power stations, location , capacity and type 


This preliminary background briefing paper has been prepared for the informal technical meeting on reconstruction in Iraq convened by the United Nations as a step towards the implementation of the relevant provisions of Security Council Resolution 1483 (May 2003) - - specifically, those provisions pertaining to assisting the Iraqi people, as they move towards reclaiming their own destiny, in post-conflict reconstruction processes falling under the independent responsibilities of the Secretary-General’s Special Representative for Iraq. 

Under present security constraints, the UN Country Team has attempted to pull together preliminary information on the post-conflict situation and the challenges facing the Iraqi people in rebuilding their lives, their livelihoods and their institutions. The following sectoral overviews are quick compilations that complement the information provided in the Revised Flash Appeal. In this respect, it is important that they be seen as catalytic for the discussions and as a departing point from which to build on. This information will be enhanced through the preliminary needs assessment exercises that the UN and the World Bank hope to jointly undertake over the coming months.




Definition of Electricity - production: This entry is the annual electricity generated expressed in kilowatt-hours. The discrepancy between the amount of electricity generated and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is accounted for as loss in transmission and distribution.

See  graphes 


In 1990 prior to the Gulf War, the total installed generating capacity was 9,295MW with a peak demand of about 5100 MW. Approximately 87% of the population had access to electricity. A combination of wars, sanctions, looting and vandalism has however severely affected the entire power system infrastructure in Iraq. During the 1991 Gulf War the electricity system suffered severe damage. Several transmission lines were put out of service and substations were damaged. However, the power generation equipment was the most severely affected. The available capacity was reduced to 2,325MW and power cuts of up to fifteen hours or more were common. In some areas there was no supply at all. Three 132kV interconnections to the three northern Governorates were removed and these Governorates were isolated from the national grid. Erbil and Sulaimaniya had to rely on supply from the hydro power stations at Dokan and Derbandikhan. Dohuk was able to obtain limited power from Mosul. 





Dr. Jafar co-founded the Uruk Project Development Company in Dubai during 2003. He has extensive experience in the power generation field, having led Iraq’s electricity reconstruction efforts from 1991 to 1999 as well as serving as Chairman of the Iraqi National Committee for Technology Transfer from 1996 to 2003. Dr. Jafar is a staunch supporter of education and an accomplished author, penning and co-authoring numerous authoritative research papers in the area of energy and related industries. Dr. Jafar earned his PhD in physics from the University of Birmingham in the United Kingdom




Iraq is located in the Middle East with an area that reaches 437,072 km2 and a population of about 36 million. This country is suffering from severe electricity shortage problems which are expected to increase with time. In this research, an attempt is made to minimize this problem by combining the borehole thermal energy storage (BTES) with a heat pump, the indoor temperature of a residential building or other facility may be increased or reduced beyond the temperature interval of the heat carrier fluid. Due to the relatively high ground temperature in Middle Eastern countries, the seasonal thermal energy storages (STES) and ground source heat pump (GSHP) systems have a remarkable potential, partly because the reduced thermal losses from the underground storage and the expected high COP (ratio of thermal energy gain to required driving energy (electricity)) of a heat pump, partly because of the potential for using STES directly for heating and cooling. Inthis research, groundwater conditions of Babylon city in Iraq were investigated to evaluate the possibility of using GSHP to reduce energy consumption. It is believed that such system will reduce consumed energy by about 60%.






Iraq has had grand plans for its electricity sector for quite some time. After years of wars and sanctions the power grid is in poor shape and needs billions in investment to provide the public with 24-hours of power. That’s always been hard, because demand has skyrocketed since the 2003 invasion. That hasn’t stopped the Electricity Ministry and leading officials to promise that a solution to the country’s power shortages is just a few years away. An analysis of the industry however, reveals that Iraq is nowhere close to resolving this dilemma, because the task is too large for the skills and funding currently available.




This Executive Summary is the first volume of the five that comprise the Iraq Electricity Masterplan study. It summarises the four subsequent volumes, which cover load forecasting, generation planning, transmission planning (short and long-term), and distribution planning. The Iraq Electricity Masterplan considers the period 2010 to 2030 and covers Iraq excluding the Kurdistan region.1
The study was financed by the US Government State Department and executed under the supervision of the State Department’s Iraq Transaction Assistance Office (ITAO). A Steering Committee was formed to oversee the study, comprising members from ITAO, ME and Parsons Brinckerhoff (PB).