Records detailing as many as 181,000 rounds of depleted uranium munitions shot in 2003 by American forces in Iraq have been unearthed by researchers, representing the most signicant public documentation of
the controversial armament's use during the US-led invasion.armoured vehicles that the Pentagon maintains superpenetrativeDU munitions are intended for
The cache, released to George Washington University in 2013 but until now not made public, shows that a majority of the 1,116 sorties carried out by A-10 jet crews during March and April of 2003 were aimed at
so-called “soft targets” like cars and trucks, as well as buildings and troop positions. This runs parallel to accounts that the munitions were used on a wide array of targets and not just against the tanks and




How the World Health Organisation covered up Iraq's nuclear nightmare
Ex-UN, WHO officials reveal political interference to suppress scientific evidence of postwar environmental health catastrophe
Last month, the World Health Organisation (WHO) published a long awaited document summarising the findings of an in-depth investigation into the prevalence of congenital birth
defects (CBD) in Iraq, which many experts believe is linked to the use of depleted uranium (DU) munitions by Allied forces. According to the 'summary report':
"The rates for spontaneous abortion, stillbirths and congenital birth defects found in the study are consistent with or even lower than international estimates. The study provides no clear evidence to
suggest an unusually high rate of congenital birth defects in Iraq."
Jaffar Hussain, WHO's Head of Mission in Iraq, said that the report is based on survey techniques that are "renowned worldwide" and that the study was peer reviewed "extensively" by international experts.




US fired depleted uranium at civilian areas in 2003 Iraq war,report finds

US forces fired depleted uranium (DU) weapons at civilian areas and troops in Iraq in breach of official advice meant to prevent unnecessary suffering in conflicts, a report has found. Coordinates revealing where US jets and tanks fired nearly 10,000 DU rounds in Iraq during the war in 2003 have been obtained by the Dutch peace group Pax. This is the first time that any US DU firing coordinates have been released, despite previous requests by the United Nations Environment Programme and the Iraqi government.

According to PAX's report, which is due to be published this week, the data shows that many of the DU rounds were fired in or near populated areas of Iraq, including As Samawah, Nasiriyah and Basrah. At least 1,500 rounds were also aimed at troops, the group says. Dutch peace group Pax says findings show US was in breach of official advice meant to prevent
suffering in conflicts






The amount of devastation caused by the Depleted Uranium (DU) weaponry used against Iraq during the consecutive US led wars is historically unprecedented in modern warfare. The devastating magnitude of the complications and damage caused as a result of the use of such radioactive and toxic weapons on the environment and the human population was intensified as a result of the intentional concealment, denial and misleading information released by the Pentagon about the quantities, characteristics, and Iraqi area’s within which these weapons were used. Information revealed about a severe illness known as the ‘Gulf War Syndrome’ which spread amongst
US Army veterans who were exposed to DU while using theseweaponry, helped Iraqi researchers and Medical Doctors to understand the nature of the effect of these weapons, and the means required to investigate further into this issue.
DU is a chemically toxic and radioactive heavy metal produced as waste by the nuclear power industry. It is used in weapons because it is an extremely hard material capable of piercing armor







Medical services sector provides citizens with health care through the services it offers in fields of examination, treatment and surgery. While this sector endeavors to protect citizen’s health and prevent spread of disease, it might be a cause of effecting health and environmental hazards. This could happen if proper and safe methods are not applied in handling waste which is generated in the course of carrying out day‐to‐day work, and also, if such waste is not disposed of in an appropriate manner whether inside or outside health facilities. In particular, hazardous waste, containing pathological and infectious, agents and chemical and radioactive wastes may pose health hazards to patients and workers inside those facilities, and to the community and environment if such wastes are mixed with the rest of health facility waste and disposed of to the external environment without carrying out the necessary treatment.  





The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) is the specialized body within the United Nations organization (UN) withaspecific mandate toaddress environmental concerns. In 1999, UNEP established the Balkans Task Force to study the environmental consequences of the conflict in Kosovo. Since then, UNEP has undertaken post-conflict environmental assessments in Serbia, Montenegro, Macedonia, Albania, Afghanistan, Liberia, the Occupied Palestinian Territories, Lebanon and Sudan.
In February 2003, as the coalition forces planned their invasion of Iraq, UNEP initiated a desk-based environmental surveillance to monitor the conflict as it occurred. This resulted in the publication of the Desk Study on the Environment in Iraq in April 2003. Since then, UNEP has undertaken a number of follow-up activities in Iraq.




Since the prevailing security constraints prevented UN experts from travelling to Iraq to undertake field work, the project was designed such that capacity building activities were undertaken outside Iraq while field work was done by Iraqi officials. The site assessment project had the following major components:

1. Identifying sites within Iraq which are potentially contaminated and creating a database which will assist in prioritizing intervention;
2. Building the capacity and institutional knowledge in the MoEn to enable it to conduct site assessment programmes;
3. Detailed assessment of five priority sites (See figure E.1 at the end of this chapter), via a phased process of desk studies, site inspections, environmental sampling, laboratory analysis, interpretation and qualitative risk assessment;
4. Preliminary assessment of contaminated land issues in Iraq at the national level. Issues addressed included a broad range of current problems including conflict-related impacts, identifying needs and setting the priorities for future policy and infrastructure development.




Depleted Uranium (DU) weaponry has been used against Iraq for the first time in the history of recent wars. The magnitude of the complications and damage related to the use of such radioactive and toxic weapons on the environment and the human population mostly results from the intended concealment, denial and misleading information released by the Pentagon about the quantities, characteristics and the area’s in Iraq, in which these weapons have been used.
Revelation of information regarding what is called the Gulf War Syndrome among exposed American veterans helped Iraqi researchers and Medical Doctors to understand the nature of the effect of these weapons, and the means required to investigate further into this issue.
The synergetic impact on health due to the post Gulf War I economical sanctions and DU related radioactive contamination raised the number of casualties in contaminated areas as in southern Iraq.